28 years
Community Service
News Magazine
Operated by couple Eddie Flores and Orquidia Valenzuela
News and Views of the
Filipino Community Worldwide
Cry of Pugadlawin: 1896 Philippine Revolution Against Spain

By Renato Perdon
August 11, 2015


119th years ago this month (Augst 2015) the Filipinos took arms against the Spanish colonial authorities. The main objective was to end colonialism and start a new life as independent people. The event that had taken place in the Philippines forever changed the course of history, not only for the country, but for Asia as well.

The church authorities even encourage the spread of rumours in their effort to extract the needed information about the secret society from their Filipino servants but the government was not keen on reacting right away on unverified rumours.
Meanwhile, two members of the Katipunan, Apolonio de la Cruz and Teodoro Patiño, workers in the Diario de Manila printing press, had a personal disagreement and the irritants led to the discovery of the Katipunan. Patiño told his sister who was staying at the orphanage managed by religious nuns about the society. His sister, shocked by the revelation, told the nuns about what her brother just told her. It was suggested that Patiño should talk to Father Mariano Gil, the parish priest of Tondo, and tell about the whole story.

On 19 August, the priest learned from Patiño the existence of the Katipunan and immediately he acted. The priest went to the printing press and found the printing paraphernalia used by the Katipunan in printing its propaganda materials. More evidences were found and eventually they were turned over to the police. The events that followed were fast. A mass arrest of Filipinos who were suspected of being members of the Katipunan were made and they were placed behind bars.  More than 500 persons were initially arrested and convicted of illegal association and thrown into Fort Santiago.

The news of the discovery of the Katipunan reached the officers of the society. Bonifacio called for an emergency meeting of officials to decide on the next move. Since the Spanish authorities, by that time, started to clamp on the members of the society, the situation was tense. Before the end of the third day, many rebels left Balintawak and proceedied to Kangkong. By the 22 August they arrived at the house of Juan Ramos in Pugadlawin were they rested and served hot meals.

It was at this stage that Bonifacio decided to ask all those present, around 500 of them, whether they were prepared to fight to the last. Everyone agreed. The Katipunan supremo then asked every one to bring out their cedulas (identification paper) and asked the members to destory it as a symbol of their defiance of Spanish authorities. Everyone did what was asked for them and while they were tearing their cedulas, they were shouting Long Live the Philippines. This was the Cry of Pugadlawin that took place on 23 August 1896.

Meanwhile, more Katipuneros arrived and brought the information that they were being pursued by the Spanish civil guards. Knowing that with the lack of arms they could not start a fight against the enemies, the Katipuneros decided to retreat and marched towards Pasong Tamo. On 24 August, they arrived at the house of Melchora Aquino, popularly known among Katipuneros as Tandang Sora.
The general attack of Manila was decided to be made on the night of August 29. A manifesto addressed to Filipinos asking them to rise was issued by Bonifacio. It said: ‘This manifesto is for all of you. It is absolutely necessary for us to stop at the earliest possible time the nameless oppression being perpetrated on the sons of the people who are now suffering the brutal punishment and tortures in jails, and because of this please let all the brethren know that on Saturday, the revolution shall commence according to our agreement.’

The first bloody encounter took place in San Juan del Monte on 30 August 1896. The main target was to seize the Spanish powder storage. However, with untrained and poorly armed supporters whose main weapons were bolos and few firearms and strong belief on anting-anting, the Filipinos although fought bravely and courageously lost in the battle. Many of them were slaughtered by the Spanish troops with their deadly volleys of rifle and artillery shots.
John Foreman, a British trader who was residing in Manila at the time of the Battle of Pinaglabanan or San Juan del Monte described the incident. ‘About 4 a.m. on Sunday, August 30, the rebels concentrated in the village of San Juan del Monte, distant half an hour on horseback from the city gates. They endeavoured to seize the powder magazine. One Spanish artilleryman was killed and several of the defenders were badly wounded whilst engaged in dropping ammunition from window openings into a stream which runs close by.
‘Cavalry and infantry re-inforcements were at once sent out, and the fist battle was fought at the entrance to the village of San Juan del Monte. The rebels made a hard stand this time under the leadership of Sancho Valenzuela (a hemp-rope maker in a fairly good way of business), but he showed no military skill and chiefly directed his men by frantic shouts from the windows of a wooden house. Naturally, as soon as they had to retreat, Valenzuela and his three companions were taken prisoners.
‘The rebels left about 153 dead on the field and fled towards the Pasig River, which they tried to cross. Their passage was at first cut-off by gunboats, which fired volleys into the retreating mob and drove them higher up the bank, where there was one hand-to-hand fighting. Over a hundred managed to get into canoes with the plan of reaching the Lake of Bay, but as they passed up the river the civil guard lying in ambush on the opposite shore, fired upon them, and in the consequent confusion every canoe was upset.
‘The loss to the rebels in the river and on the bank was reckoned at about 50. The whole of that day the road to San Juan del Monte was occupied by troops, and no civilians was allowed to pass. At 3 p.m. the same day martial law was proclaimed in Manila and seven other Luzon provinces.
‘The next morning of sunrise, I rode out to the battlefield with the correspondent of the Ejercito Español (Madrid). The rebels slain had not yet been removed. We came across them everywhere – in the fields and in the gutters of the highroad.

    Add a Comment

    veronica ugates
    malta Wed 12th August 2015
    Wed 12th August 2015

    even then the filipinos cannot unite. and this is the root cause of our downfall. we never learn to put down our pride for the interest of our country or of each other because we think we are the better leader the better authority the better person. and until we cannot learn that simple fact we will not succeed.

    MoreAmerica takes over the Philippines
    Renato Perdon

    118 years ago today, 21 December 2016, the Americans implemented its long cherished dream of taking over the Philippines while the...
    MoreRizal’s concept of Education
    Renato Perdon

    ‘Rizal taught his boys reading, writing in foreign languages, geography, math & geometry, industrial work, natural study, morals and gymnastics’...
    MoreGeorge Poblete Receives Queen's Sovereign Medal for Volunteers award
    Fe Paca-Taduran

    OTTAWA, CANADA --- Scarborough, Ontario resident George R. Poblete,  received the Queen's Sovereign Medal for Volunteers from the Right Honourable Governor General David Johnston, during a formal presentation ceremony made at  the Rideau Hall at 1 Sussex Drive in Ottawa, on April  24, 2017. (in photo: Queen’s Sovereign Medal for Volunteers awardee George R. Poblete(left) with Right Honourable Governor General...
    MoreThe Giant Sleeps, While Wild Rumours Made Tourists Restless
    Edwin Mercurio

    Coron, Palawan – The “Sleeping Giant” of Palawan looms large over the islands of Coron. Atop the elevated Mt. Batyas an estimated 1,500 steps uphill climb and downhill descent  combined, the islands of Coron are visible.
    MoreECC NSW and APCO march to muzzle hate speech
    Richard J. Ford

    On the 31 March 2017 a celebration of the defeat of the 2nd attempt of the Liberal Government to introduce...
    MoreAPCO’s Charity Ball 2017 to celebrate 119th Declaration of Philippine Independence set on June 10, 2017
    Richard J. Ford

    “Respect and Harmony for a Progressive Multicultural Society”. 
    This is the theme of the much-awaited...
    MoreMaking traffic jams bearable
    Willie Jose

    If you’re thinking of visiting our homeland, there’s one good advice:  brace yourselves both physically and mentally for the heavy...
    MoreDOLE Undersecretary Joel B. Maglunsod and OWWA Administrator Hans Cacdac meet Repatriated Workers from Saudi Arabia
    Department of Labor and Employment

    PARTNERS FOR CHANGE. Undersecretary Joel B.Maglunsod  and OWWA Administrator Hans Cacdac, together International Labor Affairs Bureau OIC Director Mary Sol...
    MoreLong live Mother Earth!
    Julia Carreon-Lagoc

    I cannot let Earth Day, April 22, pass without a tribute to Mother Earth, as precious as your own mother—to...
    By: Orquidia. Valenzuela,  as reported by Myrla Danao

    Businessman Jaap van Dijke, chairman and two board members, Myrla Danao and Dr. John Deen of Con Amor foundation in...
    MoreArt Creations
    Vicente Collado Jr.


    Many believe formal training is a prerequisite to quality in painting. Not a few will agree with me one can...
    Orquidia Valenzuela Flores

    Sixty-three children from age three to six years, in the very poor community of Don Manuel village in Barangay...

    Contents posted in this site, muntingnayon.com, are the sole responsibility of the writers and do not reflect the editorial position of or the writers' affiliation with this website, the website owner, the webmaster and Munting Nayon News Magazine.

    This site, muntingnayon.com, the website owner, the webmaster and Munting Nayon News Magazine do not knowingly publish false information and may not be held liable for any direct, indirect, incidental, consequential or punitive damages arising for any reason whatsoever from this website or from any web link used in this site.