28 years
of
Community Service
MUNTING NAYON
News Magazine
Operated by couple Eddie Flores and Orquidia Valenzuela
News and Views of the
Filipino Community Worldwide
Jose Rizal - A hero without a country



By Carlos A. Arnaldo
Manila
June 19, 2016

 
 


Jose Rizal died a martyr, a rebel with a cause, but a hero without a country. Was it a  useless death and sacrifice?

At that moment, early morning of December 30, 1896, when a fatal bullet struck him in the spine,  there was no Philippines, there was no country, no bayan, no bansa. ‘Filipinas’ were still 7,000 islands, over a hundred  indigenous tribes, a dozen or so main language groups. But nothing tying it all together.  .  .  . Except –

Except that nationhood was inchoately laboring in the consciousness of Filipino patriots of his time, or as put more elegantly in a paraphrase by James Joyce:  through his martyrdom, Rizal “forged from the smithy of his soul, the uncreated conscience of his race.”

In this cryptic line of his would-be autobiography, The Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man, Joyce was expressing his personal need for building the notions of nationalism and dedicating himself to the Irish homeland in his own conscience and eventually in the minds of all the Irish facing the dominance of England in those times.

In his poem,  El Amor Patrio, Rizal too sought to sow in the hearts of his countrymen a deep love of country, a sense of unity and patriotism, even to the point of death, “hasta se halla placer en sufrir por ella.”  

Principally among a few ilustrados and writers of la Solidaridad, among the signers of the Liga Filipina and the first blood-sworn warriors of the KKK, education and the idea of a Filipino nation were gradually seeping into the souls of these patriots and inflaming them to rise in revolution against the Spanish. If Rizal himself did not support the revolution at that time, it was because he believed it was essential first to plant the concepts of nationhood and nationalism in the souls of his countrymen, to believe that it is worthy to die for the homeland, the land where you were born, where we are all bonded to one another,  as we are all born on and from the same soil.

But Rizal  could have escaped death. There was the retraction insisted upon by the Jesuits, though formulated by him and written in his own hand.

But since there were no signs of the Spanish relenting on  Rizal’s guilt and treachery, since he was not given a Church burial, since he was not allowed to marry Josephine Bracken in a Church ceremony, and since his family continued to suffer in shame because of Church obstinacy and ignorance, it would seem most likely that Rizal did not sign any retraction. Otherwise the Spanish authorities should have been  rejoicing over this easy victory. As his great grandniece, Asuncion Lopez Rizal Bantug (author of Lolo José: an illustrated portrait of José Rizal) said, “He did nothing to retract. So why should he recant?”

Instead, he was prepared to face execution and he did so knowingly and willingly.

And hence in dying, what Rizal began in the smithy of his soul, we are to continue today, building up the nation he envisaged and died for.  

A useless death? Is there no country? No Philippines?
Or are we still building it?


    
    MoreFirst Golden Balangay Awards For Filipino Canadian Achievers Launched
    Tony A. San Juan

    Truly meeting the long-cherished desire of recognizing purposefully  the "remarkable achievements of  Filipino Canadians across Canada",  the 1st Golden Balangay Awards was significantly  launched on March 18, 2017 at the Edward Village Hotel in North York, Toronto. Thus, the first nationwide  search for outstanding Filipinos in Canada  is now underway !
     ...
    MoreLAYERS OF RELATIONSHIP
    Jorge D. Lomboy

    There is a reason and there must be a purpose for anyone to keep a miniature private diary of names, addresses and phone numbers.  It is not only a quick access to communicate with people but also a record of our diverse relationships.  We update this private diary from time to time as the people around us come and go, adding new...
     
    MoreReagan Tila wagi sa FBAR Masters/Elite Event League
    Marlon Baris Vicente

    RIYADH: Mula sa 40 kalahok sa Masters/Elite Event, tagumpay na naiuwi ni Reagan Tila ang kampiyonato sa katatapos lamang na...
    MoreFBL donates $5000 to Team Canada SMART NBTC
    Dindo Orbeso

    The Filipino Basketball League headed by FBL Commissioner Wallie Landicho has donated $5000 to help finance the trip of Team...
    MorePinoy Radio(Ontario) has a New Home, Expands Programming
    Tony A. San Juan

    The significantly popular Filipino Canadian - managed broadcast station Pinoy Radio has recently moved to a new site in the City of...
    MoreDOLE CONFERS “Parangal sa mga Natatanging Kababaihan” award to the Outstanding Overseas Filipina Workers
    Gerry S. Rubio

    DOLE SECRETARY WITH OUTSTANDING FILIPINAS. DOLE Secretary Silvestre H. Bello III (center) confers the “Parangal sa mga Natatanging...
    MoreCanada is our home, eh!
    Willie Jose

    Last week when my wife and I were on the bus while on our way somewhere in Toronto, she got...
    MoreREADING AND PILIPINO LITERATURE
    Mga Gintong Kwento ni Rene Calalang

    MY other interest besides writing is reading. Reading and writing, in my opinion, supplement each other. I believe that to...
     
    More`CON AMOR’ FOUNDATION B0ARD MEMBERS VISIT PROJECTS IN PHILIPPINES
    By: Orquidia. Valenzuela,  as reported by Myrla Danao

    Businessman Jaap van Dijke, chairman and two board members, Myrla Danao and Dr. John Deen of Con Amor foundation in...
    MoreArt Creations
    Vicente Collado Jr.

    Welcome!

    Many believe formal training is a prerequisite to quality in painting. Not a few will agree with me one can...
    MoreTHE CHILDREN IN DON MANUEL GK VILLAGE
    Orquidia Valenzuela Flores

    Sixty-three children from age three to six years, in the very poor community of Don Manuel village in Barangay...
     
    Disclaimer

    Contents posted in this site, muntingnayon.com, are the sole responsibility of the writers and do not reflect the editorial position of or the writers' affiliation with this website, the website owner, the webmaster and Munting Nayon News Magazine.

    This site, muntingnayon.com, the website owner, the webmaster and Munting Nayon News Magazine do not knowingly publish false information and may not be held liable for any direct, indirect, incidental, consequential or punitive damages arising for any reason whatsoever from this website or from any web link used in this site.